Made by a Mother
I'm Grace Ellen's mom. I wrote this blog post when I had begun advocating for the SSFL cleanup and before my daughter's returned in August 2017.
I first heard of the Santa Susana Field Lab when Grace was diagnosed in early 2014. A family member sent me paperwork on it. I didn't read past the headline before throwing the article in the trash. We live less than five miles from the site. To think I somehow contributed to Grace getting cancer by living near a toxic site was too painful, so painful that I was not able to deal with it at the time.
Grace needed 10x the regular amount of chemotherapy to treat her aggressive form of leukemia. She was addicted to morphine at four years old to manage the pain.
Six months after Grace was diagnosed, she and I were walking the halls at Children's Hospital during an inpatient stay. A mom opened her door and stuck her head out. "I know you two," she said. "You and your kids were at the park before my daughter was diagnosed. I recognize your daughter because she was bald. My daughter has neuroblastoma cancer now."
"I'm sorry, but that's impossible," I said. "Childhood cancer is really rare. I don't think it's possible that we could live so close to each other."
Later I went home and looked up pictures I had taken on that day at the park. Julia and her daughter Bailey were in the background of all of them. I figured it was unlikely, but possible, that they could live that close- after all, we're in a populated area. Julia and Bailey became very close friends of ours. Though two years apart in age, Grace and Bailey were kindred spirits- both sassy, bald, glam queens who loved Disney's Elsa.
Bailey died in the arms of her daddy eleven months after being diagnosed with nueroblastoma cancer. She was two years old.
I met a different mom in the CHLA oncology clinic where both our girls were getting chemo that day. During our conversation I realized she lived over the hill in Simi Valley. "We're probably a few miles away, as the bird flies," Lauren said. I didn't like the sound of that, but I accepted it as chance.
Her daughter Hazel is currently fighting nueroblastoma for the third time.
"Yes, my son has an eye-brain cancer, we used to live right near you when he was diagnosed," another mom said when she was commenting on my "Childhood Cancer Awareness" decorations on our car. "Our neighbor's daughter was nineteen," she said, "and had the same cancer my son did, the same year too. She died from it." I asked where they had lived. They lived on my street.
That's when I decided to try to find out if there was something in our community causing pediatric cancers. I was part of a Facebook group for local cancer parents and we decided to start mapping ourselves to see where we all lived. We found lots of kids with cancers in West Hills and Simi Valley, but it still didn't seem absurdly high...but it was alarming.
That same month, September 2015, I heard that the Santa Susana Field Lab was hosting a community forum where they would tell us if the site was toxic. I attended along with five or six other cancer moms. The Department of Energy scientists told us that there was no elevated cancer risk to the community. They showed us charts and graphs of how much toxins were on site and the risks to our families. At the very end of the presentation they informed us that most of the charts shown had been hypothetical. If my memory is right, when I asked to see the real numbers (I wanted to see toxicity levels, and exposure risks, etc.) I was told the real statistics were very scientific and difficult for people "like me" to understand- even though it was meant to be a meeting for the community- for people like me.
It wasn't until months later that I discovered the scientists had lied to us. There were plenty of EPA Reports that proved elevated cancer risks in our community, and they knew it.
I left that meeting feeling like the people who were meant to protect us were keeping secrets from us. I became even more afraid, I was consumed by anxiety and the feeling of powerlessness.
After that I climbed back into denial. We thought about moving but for a dozen reasons we were unable to. I stopped looking for kids to add to our map. I stopped thinking about the SSFL, except that I didn't let the kids eat oranges from our tree anymore. I focused on my family and getting Grace healthy again. I couldn't deal with the concept that danger was in our backyard.
I was in full denial.
I still panicked every time my kids got a bruise. PTSD would probably be the more appropriate term. Not only was I afraid that Grace would relapse, I was terrified my son would get cancer too. This fear only intensified with time. Whenever we went to the park, and there was a fair-head baby with little or no hair, I panicked. Heart racing, my feet were rubber, mouth dry, dizzy headed...a full panic. Like a stalker, I'd follow that kid around until I could determine that they didn't have cancer. I started to dread going to the park. Again, this wasn't something that was getting better with time...or therapy.
Every time I panicked it was because I was still afraid of the SSFL. I was afraid that another child had been diagnosed with cancer because I was too afraid to tell our community of the dangers. And I was too afraid because I wasn't even sure what those dangers were. I didn't want to cause a panic if the site was safe like the SSFL scientists claimed. And it hurt, it hurt me to the core of my mommy identity, every time I worried that I was keeping my children exposed. I felt so completely powerless. It was easier to stay in denial. So I stayed in denial.
A year later I was informed by a trusted SSFL advocate that the Department of Energy was trying to get out of their 2010 promise to clean the site and that we had only weeks to let the community know about the situation if there was any hope of a cleanup. Otherwise the toxic and nuclear contaminants would be left there permanently.
During that year in denial, I had been going to counseling more and I had started Celebrate Recovery at a local church. Step one: I had to admit that I am powerless... and somehow this gave me freedom to let God heal my hurts, knowing that He is in control and I am not. I started to learn to trust people again, and how to work through fear instead of run away. I learned that I can be used by God even when I am utterly broken, powerless, and small.
I decided denial was as painful as it would be to do something to help.
I started reaching out to other cancer parents I knew. They helped me find more kids in our community with cancer. Every time I add a child to the cancer map, I have to take time out after to grieve. Every time. It was like Grace being diagnosed all over again. The emotional pain has not lessened, and I don't think it ever will. Still, I will continue to seek out the truth.
I reached out to a good friend who is a statistician and with her help we started to do the math with all the new kids we now had on our map. Using imputed data, we discovered it is very likely we are over the national averages for Rhabdomyoscaroma, Ewing Sarcoma, and Optic Pathway Hypothalamic Glioma (eye-brain) cancer. We think that if we find more children with cancer (as our map mostly shows a non-Hispanic demographic) we will quickly be over the national averages for neuroblastoma, and many types of brain cancers.
I found children with absurdly rare cancers, all within 20 miles of the SSFL, and I mean absurdly rare, even in the rare world of childhood cancer. Ewings Sarcoma has about 200 cases a year. 200 out of 73,941,848 children in America. We had two teens, from the same high school, the same year diagnosed with that disease last year. 2 out of 200. That's 1% of America's population at the same high school in West Hills. To be clear, the West Hills is not 1% of America's population. It's 0.01%.
Rhabdomyoscaroma, like Kaitlin had, has 370 new cases each year. We had five children over a three year period- an absurdly high number in such a small area for such a rare cancer.
Kaitlin survived but has long term side effects from her cancer treatment. She needed surgery to allow her to dance again.
The Optic Pathway Hypothalamic Glioma (eye-brain) cancer has 25 cases in America. That's 25 kids out of 74,000,000 kids. And we had two of them on the same street, the same year. 10% of America's children with this rare eye-brain cancer were living on my street.
- Then there's my daughter's PH+ Leukemia, 1 in 1,000,000 children get it every year.
- A teen with APL Luekmia, 1 in 1,000,000 children get it every year.
- A baby with LCH, 1 in 2,000,000 children get it every year.
How can we look at these numbers and keep assuming it's a coincidence?
These are facts that I can now state with a controlled voice because they're numbers that I've been reciting so often. But when I hold up the photos of these kids who belong to these number, I break. I know, or know the parents of, almost every single child on our map. I continue to find more cancer kids in our area daily, and it continues to break me.
I have also attended more meetings about the SSFL, hoping to educate myself, because there are days when denial is so tempting, I some days convince myself that the threat isn't real. When I learned plutonium is on site, that is one hard fact that brings me back to the reality that this isn't something I'm making up. This isn't scare tactics.
They SSFL scientists use lots of words that often confuse me, but I'm not so naive to think that plutonium is safe no matter what they say. And that is only one of the many dangerous contaminants I've been learning about that will stay permanently in our hills unless we demand the full clean up.
I've also learned that there has been a lot of deception to the community. And I say this as a person who doesn't like drama and hates confrontation. The Department of Energy, NASA and Boeing (who co-own the site) continue to claim that nothing has migrated offsite and that the site is safe, but this is a blatant lie.
- Boeing was fined $500,000 for contaminating the Los Angeles River in 2007
- I learned that in 1994 two men were killed when trying to illegally burn SSFL toxic waste
- The 1994 illegal disposal resulted in an FBI raid of the site
This to me, this proves that the site really is toxic, that the companies responsible have been negligent, and that the dangers to our community are being downplayed.
Though the SSFL has been repeatedly reported on by the LA Times and other newspapers, no one has gone knocking door to door in the area to alert residents of the inherent dangers. No one told us we need to leave. At best, residents signed mortgage clauses like we did that made the risks seem minimal. Or if they were renters, they were told nothing at all, just like no one told us when we first rented in West Hills before purchasing our current home.
We assumed if the area was dangerous no one would let us live here.
We live here. It's dangerous. And we are given the unfair burden to fight for a full cleanup, instead of trusting the polluters to do the right thing without enforcement. This truth often makes me want to slip back into denial.
Then I think of my daughter Grace, that she was addicted to morphine at four years old to manage the pain from her chemo...and I can't. I can't be in denial anymore. No child should suffer cancer, and no parents should suffer the death of their child. Not when we can stop it-and we can by demanding a full clean up of the Santa Susana Field Lab.
Please share this post and help us inform the public that we need to stand up and demand a 100% clean up. We need #1millionparents who are willing to make their voices heard for the sake of the kids who are suffering.